Differentiable Boundary Point Extraction for Weakly Supervised Star-shaped Object Segmentation

Robin Camarasa, Hoel Kervadec, Daniel Bos, Marleen de Bruijne

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Although Deep Learning is the new gold standard in medical image segmentation, the annotation burden limits its expansion to clinical practice. We also observe a mismatch between annotations required by deep learning methods designed with pixel-wise optimization in mind and clinically relevant annotations designed for biomarkers extraction (diameters, counts, etc.). Our study proposes a first step toward bridging this gap, optimizing vessel segmentation based on its diameter annotations. To do so we propose to extract boundary points from a star-shaped segmentation in a differentiable manner. This differentiable extraction allows reducing annotation burden as instead of the pixel-wise segmentation only the two annotated points required for diameter measurement are used for training the model. Our experiments show that training based on diameter is efficient; produces state-of-the-art weakly supervised segmentation; and performs reasonably compared to full supervision. Our code is publicly available: https://gitlab.com/radiology/aim/carotid-artery-image-analysis/diameter-learning
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Friday 8th July
Oral Session 3.3 - 16:20 - 17:20 (UTC+2)
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