Metrics Reloaded - A new recommendation framework for biomedical image analysis validation

Annika Reinke, Lena Maier-Hein, Evangelia Christodoulou, Ben Glocker, Patrick Scholz, Fabian Isensee, Jens Kleesiek, Michal Kozubek, Mauricio Reyes, Michael Alexander Riegler, Manuel Wiesenfarth, Michael Baumgartner, Matthias Eisenmann, Doreen Heckmann-Nötzel, Ali Emre Kavur, Tim Rädsch, Minu D. Tizabi, Laura Acion, Michela Antonelli, Tal Arbel, Spyridon Bakas, Peter Bankhead, Arriel Benis, M. Jorge Cardoso, Veronika Cheplygina, Beth A Cimini, Gary S. Collins, Keyvan Farahani, Bram van Ginneken, Fred A Hamprecht, Daniel A. Hashimoto, Michael M. Hoffman, Merel Huisman, Pierre Jannin, Charles Kahn, Alexandros Karargyris, Alan Karthikesalingam, Hannes Kenngott, Annette Kopp-Schneider, Anna Kreshuk, Tahsin Kurc, Bennett A. Landman, Geert Litjens, Amin Madani, Klaus Maier-Hein, Anne Martel, Peter Mattson, Erik Meijering, Bjoern Menze, David Moher, Karel G.M. Moons, Henning Müller, Brennan Nichyporuk, Felix Nickel, Jens Petersen, Nasir Rajpoot, Nicola Rieke, Julio Saez-Rodriguez, Clara I. Sánchez, Shravya Shetty, Maarten van Smeden, Carole H. Sudre, Ronald M. Summers, Abdel A. Taha, Sotirios A. Tsaftaris, Ben Van Calster, Gael Varoquaux, Paul F Jaeger

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Meaningful performance assessment of biomedical image analysis algorithms depends on objective and appropriate performance metrics. There are major shortcomings in the current state of the art. Yet, so far limited attention has been paid to practical pitfalls associated when using particular metrics for image analysis tasks. Therefore, a number of international initiatives have collaborated to offer researchers with guidance and tools for selecting performance metrics in a problem-aware manner. In our proposed framework, the characteristics of the given biomedical problem are first captured in a problem fingerprint, which identifies properties related to domain interests, the target structure(s), the input datasets, and algorithm output. A problem category-specific mapping is applied in the second step to match fingerprints to metrics that reflect domain requirements. Based on input from experts from more than 60 institutions worldwide, we believe our metric recommendation framework to be useful to the MIDL community and to enhance the quality of biomedical image analysis algorithm validation.
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Thursday 7th July
Poster Session 2.2 - onsite 11:00 - 12:00, virtual 15:20 - 16:20 (UTC+2)
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